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Mixed Supply and Composite Supply under GST

If you’re a business owner or taxpayer navigating the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime in India, you may have encountered terms like mixed supply and composite supply. Understanding these concepts is crucial for complying with GST laws and regulations. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of mixed supply and composite supply, explaining their definitions, differences, and implications in simple terms.

Understanding Mixed Supply under GST

Mixed supply refers to a combination of two or more individual goods or services that are bundled together and supplied in conjunction with each other, but are not naturally bundled. In other words, mixed supply involves the supply of goods or services that can be purchased separately but are sold together for a single price. Each component of a mixed supply retains its distinct identity and can be distinguished from the others.

Example of Mixed Supply

Let’s consider an example to illustrate mixed supply:

Imagine a restaurant offering a combo meal that includes a burger, fries, and a soft drink for a fixed price. While each item can be purchased separately, they are sold together as a bundled package. This constitutes a mixed supply, as the items are not naturally bundled but are supplied together for a single price.

Understanding Composite Supply under GST

Composite supply, on the other hand, refers to a supply of goods or services that are naturally bundled and are supplied together in the ordinary course of business. Unlike mixed supply, where the components can be purchased separately, composite supply involves the supply of goods or services that are inherently linked and are typically provided as a single package.

Example of Composite Supply

To better understand composite supply, let’s consider an example:

A mobile phone manufacturer sells a mobile phone along with its charger and earphones as part of a standard package. While the mobile phone, charger, and earphones are distinct items, they are commonly sold together as a single package. This constitutes a composite supply, as the items are naturally bundled and are supplied together in the ordinary course of business.

Differences Between Mixed Supply and Composite Supply

While mixed supply and composite supply may seem similar, they have distinct characteristics:

  1. Nature of Bundling: In mixed supply, the goods or services are not naturally bundled and can be purchased separately, whereas in composite supply, the goods or services are naturally bundled and are typically supplied together in the ordinary course of business.
  2. Distinct Identity: Each component of a mixed supply retains its distinct identity and can be distinguished from the others, whereas in composite supply, the components are interdependent and form an integral part of the bundled package.
  3. Pricing: In mixed supply, the price may be determined separately for each component, whereas in composite supply, the price is usually determined for the entire bundle and cannot be disaggregated for individual components.

Implications of Mixed Supply and Composite Supply under GST

Understanding the distinction between mixed supply and composite supply is crucial for determining the applicable tax treatment under GST:

  • Tax Rate: The tax rate for mixed supply is determined based on the highest applicable tax rate among the individual components, whereas for composite supply, the tax rate is applied to the entire bundled package.
  • Invoice and Compliance: Businesses must issue appropriate invoices and comply with GST regulations based on whether the supply constitutes a mixed supply or composite supply. Failure to differentiate between the two can lead to errors in tax calculation and compliance.

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